Nuclear medicine is one of the sections of clinical medicine that uses radionuclide drugs, and also uses the method of radiation therapy for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Basically, it is necessary for the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. The main market that affects global nuclear medicine is the US market, which occupies 40% of the industry. In addition, Japan and some European states have succeeded in the field of nuclear medicine.
However, to prove their professionalism and willingness to contribute to science and treat people, students of nuclear medicine departments are required to complete dissertation research. Below we have compiled a list of the most relevant topics for in-depth study.
The List of Nuclear Medicine Dissertation Topics to Use
Feel free to use the following list of topics to find the best one for your own scientific research:
- Possibilities of Multilayer Spiral Computed Tomography in Justification of the Choice of Surgical Tactics for Liver Transplantation;
- Possibilities of Ultrasound Methods for Assessing the Rigidity of Various Parts of the Aorta in Patients with Arterial Hypertension, Coronary Heart Disease;
- Integrated Magnetic Resonance Morphometry of Focal and Atrophic Changes in the Brain;
- Radiological Diagnosis of Breast Disease in Women with Hypothyroidism;
- Radiological Research Methods in Staging and Diagnosing Recurrence of Prostate Cancer;
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Heart with Contrast Enhancement in the Development of Prognostic Models for Complicated Forms of Coronary Heart Disease;
- Optimization of the System of Comprehensive Clinical and Radiological Screening for Breast Diseases;
- Prenatal Ultrasound Diagnosis of Pathology of the Aortic Arch Using the Method of Three- / Four-Dimensional Reconstruction;
- Tomosynthesis in the Differential Diagnosis of Non-Palpable Mammary Glands;
- Ultrasound Assessment of the State of the Peripheral Organs of the Immune System in Children Under Various Technogenic Effects;
- Opportunities for Complex Ultrasound in Non-Epithelial Tumors of the Gastrointestinal Tract;
- Possibilities of Ultrasonic Ablation (HIFU) in the Treatment of Uterine Fibroids;
- Diagnostic Significance of Multi Spiral Computed Tomography in the Examination of Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome;
- Remote Radiation Therapy in the Treatment of Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer;
- Clinical and Dosimetric Aspects of Postoperative Chemoradiation Therapy of Medulloblastoma in Children and Adolescents;
- Computed and Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Diagnosis of Lung Cancer, Complicated by a Secondary Inflammatory Process;
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Qualitative and Quantitative Assessment of Liquor Dynamics and the State of the Brain Substance in Patients with Hydrocephalus;
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Specified Diagnosis of Tumor Lesions of the Rectum and Sigmoid Colon;
- Multi-Row Computed Tomography in the Diagnosis and Evaluation of the Results of Tongue Cancer Treatment;
- New Features of Tomographic Methods in the Diagnosis of Pancreatic Cancer;
- Optimization of Radiodiagnosis of Embryogenic Thrombosis in Cancer Patients During the Treatment Period;
- Perioperative Neuromonitoring in the Evaluation of Surgical Treatment of the Pathology of the Brachiocephalic Arteries;
- The Role of Ultrasound Diagnostics and Elastography in Determining the Tactics of Surgical Treatment of Tumors and Tumor-Like Formations of Soft Tissues on an Outpatient Basis;
- Comparative Characteristics of the Methods of Radiation Diagnosis of Non-Tumor Diseases of the Trachea;
- Topical MRI Diagnosis of Localized Prostate Cancer and Its Recurrence After Radical Prostatectomy;
- Ultrasound Assessment of the Rate of Deformation of the Abdominal Wall of the Aorta;
- Ultrasound Examination in Complex Diagnostics and Evaluation of the Treatment Efficiency of Patients with Gynecomastia;
- Abdominal Ultrasound Examination of Potential Donors for Related Liver Transplantation;
- Possibilities of Systemic Radiation Therapy and Other Methods of Special Treatment of Patients with Hormone-Resistant Prostate Cancer with Bone Metastases;
- The Possibilities of Ultrasound in the Diagnosis of Destructive Forms of Acute Appendicitis in Children;
- The Value of Radiation Studies in the Diagnosis of Circulatory Disorders in the Lung Tissue in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease;
- Infrared Laser Radiation and Cardiomyoblasts in the Treatment of Chronic Heart Failure;
- The Clinical Significance of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Localized and Locally Advanced Prostate Cancer;
- Complex Assessment of Renal Function and Urodynamics of the Upper Urinary Tract in Children with Chronic Pyelonephritis by Scintigraphy;
- Comprehensive Ultrasound Assessment of Fetal Face Structures to Identify Fetuses with Down Syndrome in the Second Trimester of Pregnancy;
- Computed and Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Diagnosis of Continued Growth of Lung Cancer After Radiation Treatment;
- Radiological Diagnostics in Determining the Prevalence of Colon Cancer with a Stenosing Version of a Tumor Lesion;
- Radiation Therapy in Multidisciplinary Treatment of Locoregional and Disseminated Melanoma of the Skin;
- Radiation and Radionuclide Methods in the Complex Diagnosis of Cerebral Ischemia in the Surgical Treatment of Stenotic Lesions of the Brachiocephalic Arteries;
- Radiation Diagnostic Methods in the New Method of Assessing Cardiac Remodeling with Acquired Mitral Valve Defects in the Long-Term After Prosthetics
What Topic on Nuclear Medicine to Choose for My Thesis?
Once a student has chosen a case among thesis topics in radiology, it may take several weeks of research before even starting to write. In order to prepare a great thesis, one has to present the problem from different prospectives and offer new and interesting solutions. Moreover, the difficulty and volume of information vary, which makes it harder to choose among thesis topics in radiology.
The x-ray discovery has significantly changed the medicine since it enabled scientists and physicians to see inside the living body. The technological progress, however, did not stop there, and modern medicine has much more elaborate ways to scan the human body, a major one of which being the nuclear medicine. The specialty enables experts to see an organism on cellular and molecular levels, which is crucial to all the aspects of health care. For instance, it has improved the diagnosis of diseases at an early stage and allowed for the development of more effective therapies. Nuclear medicine utilizes radioactive tracers in order to assess how the body functions as well as for diagnosing and treating diseases.
Radioactive tracers, or radiopharmaceuticals, consist of carrier molecules, which depend on the purpose of the scan, and are bonded to a radioactive atom. Some molecules are employed to interact with a specific protein or sugar; some consist of the patient’s own cells. For instance, trying to determine the source of intestinal bleeding, doctors may radiolabel a patient’s red blood cell which will allow them to follow the path of blood. Tracers can be administered to patient’s intravenously, orally, by inhalation or direct injection into an organ.
Nuclear medicine has two major modalities, SPECT and PET scans. Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography involves the injection of a tracer into the patients’ bloodstream, where it attaches to certain cells or accumulates in a target organ. A specific gamma camera then collects the data and creates 3-D images of the radioactive tracer distribution, which allows obtaining information about organ function and blood flow. Positron Emission Tomography, or PET, scans also employ radiotracers in order to create 3-D images. The major difference between SPECT and PET scans lies in the kind of radiotracers they use. While the former employ gamma rays, the latter utilize radioactive atoms with short decay time. Scanners then detect the gamma rays that are emitted when a position, produced by a radioactive atom, collides with electrons in the body.
As for the health risks, nuclear medicine procedures are considered safe as the amount of radiation the body is subjected to during a scan is the same as a person can receive in a year of normal living. Besides, negative effects are relatively low compared to the potential benefits. The exact dosage is determined by several factors, such as the patient’s body weight, the body part scanned, and the reason for the procedure.
All in all, nuclear medicine is a crucial part of the modern health care system. It has significantly improved the disease diagnosis as it allows seeing the human body on molecular and cellular levels using radioactive tracers. There are two major scanning methods, particularly, SPECT and PET, which employ different types of radiotracers. Although the human body receives some amount of radiation during a scan, it does not hold the candle to the benefits the scan may bring.
5 References to Find the Best Nuclear Medicine Thesis Topic
- Fact Sheet: What is Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging? – SNMMI. Snmmi.org. Retrieved 10 August 2017, from http://www.snmmi.org/AboutSNMMI/Content.aspx?ItemNumber=15627
- Freudenrich, C. (2017). How Nuclear Medicine Works. Retrieved 10 August 2017, from http://science.howstuffworks.com/nuclear-medicine1.htm
- Hine, G. (2013). Instrumentation in Nuclear Medicine. Burlington: Elsevier Science.
- Nuclear Medicine. (2016). National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering. Retrieved 10 August 2017, from https://www.nibib.nih.gov/science-education/science-topics/nuclear- medicine#996
- Ziessman, H., O’Malley, J., Thrall, J., & Fahey, F. (2014). Nuclear medicine. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier/Saunders.
Up-to-date Scientific Sources in Nuclear Medicine
As in any field of scientific research, it is extremely important to keep up with the times, analyze current trends and explore the latest discoveries and innovations. To keep abreast of all news in nuclear medicine, we recommend using Medgadget, for example. In the meantime, we have compiled a list of recent scientific studies that may be useful to you.
Here are the latest articles from the Journal of Nuclear Medicine:
- Strategies and Innovations in Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors Treatment, 2019.
- Detection of Molecular Footprints of the Heart-Brain Axis in Cardiovascular Disease
- Cell-Based Therapy Latest Developments, 2019.
- The Choice of the Right Surrogate Marker in Crohn’s Disease, 2019.
- Latest Innovations to Predict Changes in the Brain Leading to Alzheimer Dementia, 2019.
You may use the following recent studies from the Clinical Nuclear Medicine Journal:
- 18F-FACBC PET/MRI in Diagnostic Assessment and Neurosurgery of Gliomas, 2019.
- Robotiс and AI Technologies in Recurrent Prostate Cancer Diagnosis, 2019.
- Monoamine Oxidase B Binding of 18F-THK5351 to Visualize Glioblastoma, 2019.
- Adjusted 131I Theragnostics to Predict Thyroid Cancer Outcomes, 2019.
Feel free to use the topics and pieces of research above to contribute to science and get the right to be a doctor. We believe in your success!